Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) was brought into the world at Makkah some time in 573 C.E. His dad was Hazrat Usman (Surnamed: Abu Qahafa) and his mom was Hazrat Salma (Umm-ul-Khair). They had a place with the Bani Taim part of the Quraish. The Lineage of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) got together with the Sacred Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H), eight ages back in their normal predecessor Murrah.
As the Sacred Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) declared his prophetic mission, Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) was the main individual external the group of Blessed Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) to acknowledge Islam. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) was a rich trader and he told extraordinary impact in the groups of friends of Makkah. Through his impact many recognized people among the Quraish were changed over completely to Islam. The majority of his abundance was utilized in the freedom of Muslim slaves. He was the principal individual to construct a mosque. After transformation to Islam, he was a steady friend of the Sacred Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H). The Blessed Prophet Gave him on the title of sadeeq, the Veracious for his ability to observe reality.
On the event of the Hijrat, he was the friend of the Sacred Prophet (P.B.U.H), and was reffered to in the Blessed Quran as “the Second of the Two”.
At Madina, his little girl Hazrat Ayesha Sadeeqa was hitched to the Sacred Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H). That brought him still nearer to the Blessed Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H). He partook in every one of the fights battled by the Sacred Prophet (P.B.U.H). He was the primary individual to be designated as Amir-ul-Hajj throughout the entire existence of Islam. At the point when the Blessed Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) fell debilitated, he was dispatched by the Sacred Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) to lead the dedicated in supplication.
On the passing of Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) even men like Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq (R.A) said that the Blessed Prophet was alive and had gone to meet God, And Hazrat Abu Bakr said, “Realize that Muhammad being mortal is dead, however Lord of Muhammad being undying is alive and will live until the end of time.”
Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A):
After the passing of the Heavenly Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H), Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) was chosen as the Caliph. On expecting office, in his debut address, Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) said that he was not awesome among them, and required their recommendation and help. He held that to come clean to an individual dispatched to the standard was steadfast devotion, and to cover it was conspiracy. He proclaimed that in the sight serious areas of strength for the a powerless were to be similar, and he would deliver equity to all without a trepidation or favor. He set out the accompanying basis for the compliance of individuals:
“As I submit to Allah and His Prophet comply with me: in the event that I disregard the laws of Allah and the prophet, I have not any more right to your dutifulness.”
Circumstance AT THE Hour OF THE Increase OF HAZARAT ABU BAKR(R.A):
The circumstance that Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) looked on expecting the caliphate was extremely dismal. Numerous clans apostatized from Islam and wouldn’t pay Zakat. Numerous misleading prophets rose all through the length and broadness of Arabia, and many individuals offered faithfulness to them. The contention that weighed with them was that a living prophet was to be liked to one who was dead.
Preceding passing, the Blessed Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) had requested that an endeavor ought to be shipped off Syria under order of Hazrat Usamah (R.A), the child of the Muslim leader Hazrat Zaid (R.A) who had been martyred in the clash of Mautah in 629 C.E. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) was prompted that as Madina was by antagonistic clans, the endeavor ought to be deserted. He renounced the idea and said that he could keep the endeavor that the Blessed Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) had requested to continue. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) was next inquired as to whether the campaign was to be fundamentally embraced, the order ought to be shared with some veteran General rather than Hazrat Usamah (R.A) who was a simple kid. In any case, Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) said that the Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) had selected Usamah to the order, he couldn’t as a delegate of the Blessed Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) reverse such requests. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) in like manner sent the power under Hazrat Usamah to the Syrian front.
Conflict with the clans:
After Hazrat Usamah (R.A’s) military had left for the Syrian front, the clans around Madina sent a delegation to look out for Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A). The clans said that they were ready to owe devotion to Islam, however they were not ready to pay Zakat. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) was educated that in view concerning the conditions on the ground, the particulars of the clans ought to be acknowledged. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) held that as the installment of Zakat was an obligatory commitment under Islam, he had no position to permit any unwinding. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) that’s what stayed firm and let the clans know whether they kept concerning Zakat, even however much string to tie a camel, he would battle against them for the justification of the directives of Islam. Hence rebuked stubborn clans walked to Madina one evening and sent off the assault and these clans met some underlying achievement however the Muslims under the order of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) revitalized and in a counter assault shocked the clans.
Skirmishes of Dhu Qissa and Abraq:
Clans accumulated at the Dhu Qissa at a distance to Madina. Then Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) walked to Dhu Qissa as the head of Muslim constrained sent off the fight against the clans. After some obstruction the broke position and retreaded to Abraq.
At the point when the super Muslim armed force under the order of Hazrat Usamah (R.A) got back from the Syrian front subsequent to following through with its task, Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) walked as the top of a huge Muslim power and continued to Abraq. The clans were steered, and their territories were seized by the Muslims.
Crusades against the backsliders:
After the clash of Abraq, Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) chose to make a tactical move against the renegade clans and he partitioned the Muslim power into eleven harvests each under its own leader. These yields were to work in different pieces of the country. The leaders were told that prior to making any move against a renegade clan it ought to be called upon to get back to Islam, and a correctional move ought to be made if and assuming they would not do as such. If the call of “Adhan” rose from the quarters of clans will demonstrate the clan’s re-visitation of Islam.
The Skirmish of Buzakha
Banu Asad clan held the area toward the north of Madina. They were driven by Taleaha, a bogus prophet. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) dispatched a section under Hazrat Khalid container Waleed to lead the mission against Taleaha. These two armed forces met at Buzakha, where after some hard battling the Banu Asad was crushed. Taleaha disappeared to Syria, and the greater part of his adherents submitted, and acknowledged Islam.
The Clash of Zafar:
After the skirmish of Buzakha a portion of the devotees of Taleaha took displaced person with Salma nom de plume Umm Zummal, a troublemaker lady head of Bani Fazara. Salma summoned an impressive power at Zafar. From Buzakha Hazrat Khalid canister Waleed walked to Zafar. There was some hard battling, at the end of the day Salma was killed, and with her demise the backslider clans offered accommodation and were readmitted to the crease of Islam
The Skirmish of Naqra:
Bani Suleim had their focus ar Naqra. After the skirmishes of Buzakha and Zafar, the Muslim power under Hazrat Khalid Canister Walid (R.A) sent off the assault against Bani Suaim at Naqra, the Bani Sulaim were crushed and their chief Abu Shajra was caught alive and shipped off Madina where he acknowledged Islam.
Crusade against Bani Tamim:
Subsequent to diminishing the clans strains in North, Hazrat Khalid container Waleed walked against the Bani Tamim who lived in a Level lining the Persian Bay. At the point when the Muslim powers arrived at Butaha the Head Quarter of Bani Tamim, there was no power against Muslims, and neither they forward to offer their accommodation nor they approach to go against the Muslims. During night Malik, Head of Bani Tamim was killed strangely. As Malik was killed whole clan gave up and Hazrat Khalid canister Waleed (R.A) wedded with the lovely widow of Malik, Laila.
This mission prompted significant embarrassment. Hazrat Khalid canister Waleed (R.A) was charged of killing a Muslim (Malik), gathered to Madina and put to clarification. Hazrat Khalid receptacle Waleed (R.A) safeguard was if as per Blessed Prophet (P.B.U.H), He was the Sword of Allah, how should such blade fall on the neck of a Muslim? Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) liberated him from the charge and dispatched him to lead a power against a bogus prophet Musailma in Yamama valley.
Crusade against Musailma, the Liar and Skirmish of Nurseries of Bloods:
Among every one of the bogus prophets who rose in Arabia after the passing of Heavenly Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H), the most famous was Musailma who laid the Banu Hanifa in Yamama. Musailma further acquired in strength when he made normal reason with Sajjah a woman who professed to be a prophetess and hitched her. Before that two Muslim powers have proactively battled with him however crushed. So Hazrat Khalid container Waleed battled courageously against Musailma and because of an expansion in pressure Musailma lost his nerves and withdrew to an adjoining braced garden.
With the withdrawal of Musailma his military lost the will to battle, and they too tracked down wellbeing in looking for asylum in the nursery. Muslim Armed force broke the doors and Banu Hanifa were sliced to pieces in a huge numbers and the nursery was essentially soaked with blood. So ridiculous was “Clash of Nursery” that the Bedouin records it came to be known as “The Skirmish of the Nurseries of Death”. At the point when Musailma fell dead, the Banu Hanifa gave up and yet again conceded in the Islam.
Crusade in Oman/Skirmish of Daba:
In Oman, a bogus prophet Laquit canister Malik rose to noticeable quality and caught political power. A Muslim power under Hazrat Hudaifah (R.A) was shipped off Oman and in the skirmish of Daba, Laquit and 10,000 of his supporters were killed. The Oman powers gave up, and individuals of Oman were reconverted to Islam.
Crusade in Mahrah:
In Mahrah individuals apostatized, however rather than battling against the Muslims they started to battle among themselves for political power. The Muslims aligned themselves with the minority segment and battled against larger part area which was driven by Al-Musabbah. Al-Musabbah was crushed and after that individuals of Mahrah recuperated to Islam.
Crusade in Yemen:
In Yemen, a bogus prophet Aswad Ansi came to power and won an extensive following. Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) requested a two dimensional assault on Yemen. Hazrat Ikramah (R.A) walked with a power from Mahrah to Yemen. Hazrat Muhajir container Umayya walked with one more power from Makkah to Yemen. In the fight that followed by a defector clans were over-fueled, and were reconverted to Islam after Aswad Ansi had been killed.
Crusade in Hadramaut:
In Hadramaut there was a revolt driven by Ash’as. At the point when the Muslim powers walked against Ash’as he shut himself in the post at Nujeir. The stronghold was conveyed by the Muslims by attack. From that point Ash’as and his kin atoned and were readmitted to the Islam.
End of the disaffection Missions:
The renunciation crusade started in August 632 C.E., and these activities were over by February 633 C.E. Inside the short space of a half year, Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) prevailed with regards to eradicating disaffection and winning back every one of the clans in Arabia to the overlap of Islam.
The Clash of Kazima:
In Walk 633 C.E., a Muslim section under Hazrat Khalid Canister Waleed (R.A) walked to Iraq and began tasks in the locale of Uballa on the Persian Bay. The two powers met at kazima, in opening duel, Hazrat Khalid Receptacle Waleed Killed the Persian authority Hormuz. The Muslims sent off the assault which was endured by the steel Persian infantry. The Muslims expanded the strain and the Persians had to fall back. The Persians viewed their chains as death trap and as they withdrew kept intact in chains they were butchered in thousands. The skirmish of chains at Kazima unchained the door of Iraq for the Muslims.
The Clash of Mazar:
The following a showdown with the Persians occurred at Mazar on Tigris. The Persians powers were driven by three Commanders Qarin, Qabaz and Anushjan. Every one of the three Commanders passed on in battling against Muslims and they were crushed severely with a loss of life surpassing 30,000.
The Skirmish of Walaja:
The following experience occurred at Walaja. The Persian powers were driven by Andarzaghar. The fight started with the a duel wherein Hazrat Khalid (R.A) killed his foe. The Persians acquired some underlying achievement, however the greater part of their military was demolished.
The Clash of Ulleis:
The home fight occurred at ulleis ten miles from Walaja. It was a fierce conflict where more than 70,000 Persians died. So enormous were the killings that the stream on the bank whereof the fight was battled basically turned into a waterway of blood.
Triumph of Hirah:
From Ulleis the Muslim powers walked to Hirah. There was Persian power to oppose Muslims. The citizerns of Hirah gave up and consented to pay “Jizya” to the Muslims.
The Clash of Anbar:
Towards the end of June 633 C.E. Hazrat Khalid walked with his military to Anbar. Here after a little obstruction Persian armed force gave up and consented to Jizya.
The Skirmish of Ein-at-Tamr:
From Anbar the Muslim powers continued to Ain-at-Tamr. Here the Christian Bedouins drove by their boss Aqqa offered opposition. Aqqa was abducted, and the residents of Ein-at-Tamr offered accommodation based on the standard conditions.
The Clash of Daumatul Jandal:
At the point when Hazrat Khalid receptacle Waleed started his operastions in southern Iraq, Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) sent one more segment under Hazrat Iyaz canister Ghanam to work in Daumatul Jandal area. However, Hazrat Iyaz neglected to catch ans at the final retreat he composed Hazrat Khalid canister Waleed for help. Then, at that point, Hazrat Khalid Walked towards Daumatul Jandal in it fell in August 633 A.D.
The Skirmish of Firaz:
In December 633 A.D., Hazrat Khalid involved Firaz at the external most edge of Persian Domain in the Euphrates valley. Toward the finish of 633 A.D., the Muslims were experts of Euphrates valley in Iraq.
Rout of Khalid Container Saeed:
During the dynamic tasks in Iraq, Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) positioned a post at Tayma toward the east of Tabuk to safeguard the lines against any assault by Syrian. Yet, here Hazrat Khalid container Saeed endured with a serious loss.
Call of Jihad on Syrian Front:
In February 634 A.D., Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) gave a call for Jihad on the Syrian front. By Walk 634, a huge power marshaled at Madina prepared to walk to Syria. These champions were shaped into four corps of 7000 men each and shipped off Syria under the order of Hazrat Abu Ubaidah (R.A).
Khalid Canister Waleed’s Walk from Iraq to Syria:
The Byzantine ruler Heraclius arranged activity for a huge scope. He gathered powers of Ajnadein numbering over lac. The four little Muslim corps that were working in Syria were no counterpart for the huge grouping of the Byzantine powers. Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) requested Hazrat Khalid receptacle Waleed (R.A) to walk from Iraq to Syria and over the central order on Syrian front.
The Skirmish of Busra:
The primary experience of Khalid receptacle Waleed (R.A) with the Byzantine armed force occurred at Busra in July 634 C E. It was a barely challenged fight which was at last won by the Muslims.
Attack of Damascus:
From Busra, Hazrat Khalid container Waleed walked towards toward the north to Damascus. The Byzantine ruler Hercalius posted all strongholds in Syria and requested a gigantic grouping of powers in the south at Ajnadein. The circumstance was basic for Muslims. Assuming they squeezed the attack of Damascus the risk was that the Byzantine armed force from Ajnadein could go after the Muslim armed force from the back. The Muslims as needs be raised the attack of Damascus, and walked to Ajnadein.
The Skirmish of Ajnadein:
The absolute strength of Muslim powers gathered at Ajnadein was around 40,000, while the strength of the Byzantine powers was more than one lac. It was not really challenged fight in which the Muslims won an amazing triumph. Upwards of 50,000 Byzantine troopers were killed while just 450 Muslims were martyred.
Damasus Once more:
Subsequent to winning the skirmish of Ajnadein, the Muslims walked to Damascus of Muslims. There was a showdown at Yaqusa on the Yermuk where the Byzantines were crushed and Muslims pushed forward to Damasus. There was one more showdown Marjus Saffar, 12 miles from Damascus. Here again the Byzantines were crushed and the attack of Damasus started on 21st August 634 C.E., and on 23rd August, Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) was dead. Before his passing Abu Bakr designated Hazrat umar at his replacement.
Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) turns into the caliph on sixth June 632 C.E., and he passed on 23rd August C.E., his time of caliphate stretched out more than two years and two months. Decided by the typical norms this was sureness too short a period to have an effect on history. Shockingly enough, the caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) not just had the effect on history; it shifted the actual direction of history.
Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) came to drive in the midest of emergencies stacked circumstance. The emergencies which he was called upon to experience were complex, being physiological, political, strict and global in sanction. At the hour of his increase, Islam remained near the very edge of incline, and any off-base step with respect to Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) whould have driven the deterioration of Islam. Be that as it may, Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadeeq (R.A) ended up being the rescuer of Islam, and he sent off Islam on the course of its predetermination.