During the holy month of Ramadan, which falls on the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, all Muslims are obliged to abstain from food and drink for 30 days, from morning to evening. Since Ramadan moves about 11 days earlier each year on the solar-based Gregorian calendar, Muslims experience Ramadan in different seasons throughout their lives.
The objective of fasting is to remind Muslims of the less fortunate and strengthen the need for gratitude. It is one of the five pillars of Islam, or one of its duties, fasting in the month of Ramadan is essential for all healthy adult Muslim Muslims. Children who have not reached puberty, the elderly, those who are physically or mentally unable to fast, pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers and travellers are exempt.
Fasting in Ramadan means abstaining from all foods, including water and chewing gum, from dawn to dusk. It is recommended that Muslims eat a pre-fast meal known as sehri before sunrise. This meal resembles breakfast, but in some cultures, it may include dinner-like meals. After sunset, Muslims open their fast with Iftar, starting with dates and water or milk, followed by dinner. Muslims are allowed to have breakfast between the two meals at night, and hydration is encouraged, especially when Ramadan comes in the summer.
For sehri, Iftar and breakfast, Muslims can eat high-fibre foods to stay full longer, fruits and vegetables to maintain electrolyte stores and plenty of fluids to maintain hydration. The sun can set. Muslims should also limit fried foods and sugary sweets, the latter of which is a common cultural tradition among many generations during the holy month.
After Ramadan, Muslims observe a three-day holiday called Eid al-Fitr. After this Eid (“celebration”), Muslims perform the holiday prayers in the congregation in the morning, meet with your family and friends, and celebrate with food, gifts, and activities for the children.