Hazrat Usman (R.A) had a place with an honorable group of Quraish a clan of Mecca. He was brought into the world in 573 A.C. He (R.A) was from the “Umayyah” group of Quraish that was a very much rumored and fair group of Mecca during the pre-Islamic days. His acquired name was “Abu Amr” however he (R.A) was generally known as “Usman ibn Affan” as his dad was “Affan container Abul-As”.
Hazrat Usman was one of the known individuals of Mecca who knew perusing and composing. He did a business of garments wherein he succeeds and became rich. He used to spend his cash on aiding poor and destitute individuals. Due his honorable demonstrations Meccans had extraordinary regard for him in their souls.
Acknowledgment of Islam
Hazrat Usman (R.A) was one of those individuals who acknowledged Islam in early days when Prophet Muhammad (SAW) began teaching Islam. He (R.A) acknowledged Islam when Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A) taught him. At the point when He (R.A) acknowledged Islam, individuals of Quraish began detesting him. Indeed, even his direct relations began to seriously reproach him and chastised him. He (R.A) got hitched to Ruqayya (R.A) one of the little girls of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
Usman (R.A) known as Al-Ghani
A few years after the fact after acknowledgment of Islam, he wedded to one of the girls of Prophet (SAW) Ruqayya (R.A). Despite his abundance and position, his family members controlled him since he had embraced Islam, and he had to move to Abyssinia. In a little while he got back to Mecca yet before long moved to Medina with different Muslims. In Medina, his business again started to prosper and he recovered his earlier achievement. Usman’s liberality had no restrictions. On different events, he spent an incredible part of his abundance for the government assistance of the Muslims, for a noble cause and for setting up the Muslim militaries. At the point when the Wanderers from Mecca came to Medina, they had extraordinary trouble in getting drinking water. Hazrat Usman (RA) purchased a very much named “Bi’r-I-Rumah” from a Jew against 20,000 dirhams with the expectation of complimentary utilization of Muslims. That was the very first trust made throughout the entire existence of Islam. The Sacred Prophet (PBUH) provided him with the happy expressions of Heaven for this demonstration. For that reason he came to be known as ‘Al-Ghani’ signifying ‘The Liberal.’
Usman (R.A) otherwise called “Dhun-Nurain”
Hazrat Usman (R.A.) moved with different Muslims to Medina. He was unable to take part in the principal clash of Islam against non-adherents of Mecca at Badr in light of the fact that his significant other Ruqayya (R.A) was extremely sick. She kicked the bucket before the Muslims got back from Badr after the triumph. The Sacred Prophet (SAW) gave him happy words that he would get a similar compensation like he had partaken in the fight. After the demise of Ruqayya (R.A.), the Sacred Prophet (SAW) wedded his next girl, “Umm Kulthum” with him and he was given the title of “Dhun-Nurain” i.e., the man with two lights since He (R.A) wedded with two little girls of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
Essayist of Quranic Disclosures
Hazrat Usman (R.A) had an extraordinary control over Arabic language and furthermore he had lovely penmanship. Because of this Sacred Prophet (SAW) delegated him as one of the respectable recorders of Heavenly Disclosures.
Extraordinary Islamic Researcher
Hazrat Usman (R.A) was not just a tremendous scholarly regarding the matter of Quranic Disclosures and their Shan e Nazool yet in addition was its Hafiz (individual recollecting Quran in its memory). He used to make sense of the Ayahs well overall and was believed to be an expert in such manner. He was one of only a handful of exceptional Mates who succeeded in getting regulations from the sections of the Blessed Quran. His viewpoints and decisions have been referenced in books. He was viewed as an expert on the laws of Hajj. He was extraordinary Islamic researcher as he probably was aware perusing and composing even before the acknowledgment of Islam.
As a Third Caliph of Islam
After the passing of the second Caliph Hazrat Umar (R.A), Hazrat Usman (R.A) chose as the third caliph of Muslims. During his caliphate, he system comprised a sublime period throughout the entire existence of Islam. The domains of an Islamic state (caliphate) were discreetly broadened. However the victories during his time were not such a great amount in that frame of mind during the hour of ‘Hazrat Umar (R.A), by the by they were not many. He governed over a tremendous piece of the then known world, right from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Morocco. He put down the uprisings with an iron hand. He proceeded with the custom of Hazrat Umar (R.A) and extended the Islamic state to distant non-Bedouin nations. Did arrangement of Maritime Muslim powers prompting more compelling effort. Extreme glorification of Islamic State through triumphs over Byzantine and Roman domains and catching the North African regions during his caliphate period. In reality, Islam was at the pinnacle of its brilliance during the time of Hazrat Usman (R.A).
Array of the Total Heavenly Quran
At the hour of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A), Furqan e Hameed was gathered into one spot written down and was kept with His little girl Hasfa (R.A), the life partner of the Sacred Prophet (SAW). Be that as it may, because of the extension of the Islamic state to different corners of the words, it was felt by Hazrat Usman (R.A) saw contrasts in the recitation of Heavenly Quran. Thus, he coordinated Hazrat Zaid canister Sabit (R.A) to make different duplicates of a similar Quran he had written in the hour of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) to assist with saving the Quranic text from any potential versions and carry individuals to a typical method of presentation process. For this, he is known as “Jami’ul-Quran” signifying “The compiler of the Quran.”
Suffering of Third Caliph Hazrat Usman (R.A)
Hazrat Usman (R.A) confronted the obstruction from purported Muslims who had announced him as the third caliphate of Islam and Muslims. One day when He (R.A) was presenting the Hallowed Book of the All-powerful Ruler in his home, he (R.A) was fiercely martyred by blasphemers. In this way, He (R.A) accomplished the extraordinary status of being known as a Saint and as He (R.A) was killed on Friday, seventeenth of Dhul Hijjah, 35 A.H, at 84 years old. Ibn Umar (R.A) detailed that Allah’s Courier (SAW) referenced a fitnah (preliminary) by saying:
“This guiltless one will be killed in that, alluding to Usman receptacle Affan.” (Tirmidhi)
The commitments of the third Caliph of Islam, Hazrat Usman (R.A) are wide reach from acknowledgment of Islam to assisting the unfortunate Muslims with his riches, working for the harmony as a caliphate and extending the effort of Islam to far off districts, helping others in strict issues to ordering the whole Sacred Quran on one recitation. Subsequently, he (R.A) genuinely served the Religion of Islam unselfishly and got the best of the conceivable award from Allah SWT by naming him among the most noble colleagues of the Sacred Prophet (SAW) in Heaven. Hazrat Usman (R.A) was an incredible individual and pioneer. We ought to follow his way of life and lessons in our day to day existence.