Hazrat (a privileged term utilized in Persian) Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anhu – May Allah be satisfied with him) was the main caliph of Islam subsequent to dying of Hazrat Muhammad (Harmony Arrive). He had the honor of having complex relationship with Sacred Prophet (PBUH). He was one of the earliest believers of Islam, a dear companion, a guide, a thoughtful neighbor (for quite a while in Mecca), and a family member (father by marriage) of the Prophet (PBUH). He was brought into the world in Mecca in 573 CE, lived for quite some time, and died to the everlasting home of life in 634 CE.
He was the child of Uthman Abu Quhafa (540 – 635 CE) of Banu Taym group of Quresh. Relatively few individuals know this, however Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) genuine name was Abdullah (worker of Allah). He got honorific of Abu Bakr sometime down the road in view of his affection for camels (Abu implies father in Arabic and Bakr implies camel’s calf). He had a place with a group of dealers and was himself a material shipper
One more seldom known expertise of Abu Bakr (RA) is his experience with lineage. Along these lines, he was personally acquainted with who will be who of Makkah, a genealogy of various individuals, and qualities of various clans. This expertise probably demonstrated extremely valuable when in the place of authority since he was exceptionally sagacious about the qualities and shortcomings of his delegates and impressed be a splendid specialist.
Above all, he remained by Rasool-Allah (PBUH) through various challenges (particularly during the time in Makkah). His life can be extensively partitioned into 3 stages: Meccan life, Medina Existence (with Prophet (PBUH), and Caliphate life (in the wake of dying of Muhammad (PBUH))
Meccan Life and Commitments to Islam
After Muhammad (PBUH’s) announcement of prophethood, Abu Bakr (RA) had the pleasure of being the primary Grown-up Muslim male to have acknowledged Islam (very much like Hazrat Ali (RA) was the main youngster to acknowledge Islam)
After acknowledgment of Islam, all buddies of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) confronted hardships. Be that as it may, the most terrible type of abuse was looked by slaves on account of their lords. Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) generosity can be perceived from the way that he paid 40,000 Dinars with no one else’s help to assist with liberating 8 slaves (4 guys and 4 females), generally well known among them being Hazrat Bilal (RA), who had the pleasure of being the Mu’azzin (answerable for calling individuals to petition in the mosque) of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
History lets us know that Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) conveyed the main public discourse in Islam in Kaaba, an occasion that mirrors his persistence, abstinence, and dedication to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It has been portrayed that after he gave the discourse, polytheists in Kaaba got so angry that one of them named Utbah ibn Rab’iah began beating Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) with his shoes. Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) was beaten seriously to such an extent that due to broad dying, it became hard to separate between his face and the rear of his head. His clan came to his protection and mediated to save his life. In spite of all the affliction and torment, so a lot was Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) affection for Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) that on acquiring cognizance, the main inquiry he posed was about the Sacred Prophet (PBUH’s) prosperity. Moreover, he made a vow that he won’t drink or eat until he has affirmed the security of RasoolAllah (PBUH).
Regardless of the relative multitude of difficulties, he enjoyed 10 years with Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Mecca before the two of them settled on moving to Medina.
Resettlement to Medina
After Rasool Allah (PBUH) was proposed to come to Medina (called Yathrib then), numerous Muslims began relocating from Mecca to Medina to get away from the barbarities of Meccans. Be that as it may, Abu Bakr (RA) remained behind with Rasool Allah (PBUH) and went with him while heading to Medina at the end when Meccans plotted to kill Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
On their way, Rasool Allah (PBUH) and Abu Bakr (RA) visited for a while at a cavern on Mount Thaur (otherwise known as Jabal Thaur) while being pursued by Meccans. They remained in the cavern for 3 days and evenings. Allah (God) has depicted the specific scene exhaustively in Sacred Quran (Surah Taubah) when Quraysh had nearly gotten hold of them while looking through the cavern,:
“If ye help not (your chief), (it is regardless): for Allah did to be sure assistance him, when the Unbelievers drove him out: he had something like one buddy; they two were in the cavern, and he shared with his friend, “Have no apprehension, for Allah is with us”: then, at that point, Allah sent down His tranquility upon him, and reinforced him with powers which ye saw not, and lowered to the profundities the expression of the Unbelievers. Yet, the expression of Allah is commended to the levels: for Allah is Lifted up in may, Shrewd.” [9:40]
It is quite important here that notwithstanding the previously mentioned episode, Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) profound station can be derived by the way that Sacred Quran makes various roundabout references to Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) while epitomizing devout Muslims.
An existence with Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Medina
Subsequent to moving to Medina, Abu Bakr (RA) kept on taking a stab at encouragement of Islam under the direction of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). It is worth focusing on here that Muslims owe it to Abu Bakr (RA) for having followed through on the first cost of the land on which the second most famous mosque of Islam to be specific Masjid al-Nabawi has been built.
Notwithstanding his monetary commitments, he likewise effectively partook in every one of the underlying conflicts of Islam (also known as Ghazwat) that were essential for protecting the early Muslim people group. In the renowned skirmish of Badr, he assumed the liability of watching Rasool Allah (PBUH). For this, he was subsequently called out as the most valiant of men by Hazrat Ali (RA).
Besides, he kept on filling in as an ally and counsel of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). In 631 Promotion, after the triumph of Makka, Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) was deputed as the head of Muslims to perform first Hajj throughout the entire existence of Islam after Allah appointed it in Sacred Quran. He was likewise joined by Hazrat Ali (RA) on the journey.
The following year, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) drove the journey himself and conveyed the famous message that fills in as a diagram for the social way of thinking of Islam.
Dying of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Before long, the most troublesome snapshot of the existence of the Prophet (PBUH’s) buddies (May Allah be satisfied with them) struck, which was dying of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Around 5 Days prior to dying, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) gave his last discourse where he said:
‘There is a slave among the captives of Allah unto whom Allah has offered the decision between this world and that which is with Him; and the slave has picked what is with Allah.’ Due to Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) preeminent profound understanding, he was the principal ally to find out the underlying story that Rasool Allah (PBUH) is alluding to his takeoff to the everlasting home with Allah. Abu Bakr (RA) began crying. Seeing that, Rasool Allah (PBUH) communicated the accompanying words while reassuring Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA): ‘O Individuals, the individual who has leaned toward me the most with his friendship and abundance is Abu Bakr (RA), and if I somehow managed to take from humankind a chest companion, he would be all Abu Bakr(RA), yet the Islamic fraternity and love is adequate. Close every one of the entryways in the mosque with the exception of that of Abu Bakr (RA)’.
It merits featuring here that notwithstanding the abovementioned, Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) distinction in the existence of Sacred Prophet (PBUH) can be shown by the way that a Hadith researcher like Imam Muslim has committed a whole part to Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) temperances in Sahih Muslim (considered as perhaps of the most legitimate book on Prophetic platitudes)
Over the most recent couple of days preceding his flight, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) designated the assignment of driving supplications in Masjid-e-Nabawi to Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA). Rasool Allah (PBUH) was so satisfied with the choice that on one day, Rasool Allah (PBUH) himself joined the morning petitions mid-way yet he actually didn’t permit Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) to step back and consequently Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) drove the request as Muqabbir (an individual loaning his voice to devotees while the accompanying Imam) behind Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
It’s a given that the previously mentioned episodes basically validate otherworldly position of Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) over rest of the colleagues (May God be satisfied with them)
Subsequent to dying of the Prophet (PBUH), the partners were in a condition of shock. It was Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) who supported and directed them through recuperating words to reinforce their assurance. A while later, he was chosen as the main caliph (vicegerent of Prophet (PBUH)) by a blend of Muhajirun (the exiled people from Mecca) and Ansar (the partners from Madina).
Life As a Caliph
In the wake of accepting the responsibility of first caliph of Muslims, Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) encountered a blast of issues emerging from various region of the state; generally noticeable among them being charge uprisings and rebellions from new petitioners of Prophet-hood with their own armed forces. Notwithstanding these difficulties, he willingly volunteered to continue the campaign against Byzantine Domain that had been started by the Sacred Prophet (PBUH) in his life, however was required to be postponed during his last days.
It is a demonstration of Abu Bakr (RA’s) initiative in the beginning Muslim express that in simply a question of 2 years of his caliphate, he was not just ready to suppress all revolts (otherwise known as Ridda wars) and solidify command over Bedouin Promontory yet in addition set out to arrive at the victory of Byzantine and Sassanid Domains that went on into the period of resulting properly directed caliphs.
Something to note for war history specialists is that Abu Bakr (RA) is additionally credited with officially arranging Islamic morals of war (which was remarkable in that time and age)
Other than his undertakings towards adjustment of the state, one of his most critical commitments to Islam is the commencement of aggregation cycle of Quran in its ongoing structure on the guidance of Hazrat Umar (RA), since before then, at that point, stanzas of Quran were spread across cowhide materials, shoulder bones of camels and sheep, Palm branches, surfaces of level stones, and hearts of buddies (a considerable lot of whom died in the skirmish of Yamama). It is to be noticed that upwards of 65 mates (May Allah be satisfied with them) went about as copyists in the help of Sacred Prophet (PBUH) to write down refrains of Quran.
Dying of Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA)
Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) died in 634 Promotion after the affliction of 15 days.
In all honesty, Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA’s) last wish was to give his property (a nursery) for the government assistance of Muslims as a trade-off for the restricted compensation he had drawn from the Muslim depository for his everyday costs (in the wake of surrendering his variety of things to take care of issues of the caliphate). He named Hazrat Umar (RA) as the second caliph to follow him subsequent to talking with numerous conspicuous friends (May Allah be satisfied with them). His memorial service was driven by Hazrat Umar (RA) and he was covered close to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH’s) grave with his head set lined up with the shoulders of Rasool Allah (PBUH).